Effects and affects of urban change and urban management
Urban and transport infrastructure does not remain stagnant over its whole lifecycle. Many cities across Europe are over 1000 years old (London, UK; Paris, France). Other cities around the world are hundreds of years old (New York, US; Sao Paulo, Brazil). These cities have seen continuous growth over their lifecycle to date with the provision of urban and transport infrastructure to cater for their increasing size and urban economics.
As cities become denser and thus busier, there can be a trend of people moving out of the city to suburbs where environments are less congested and potentially have a more relaxing environment. Hillingdon, in Greater London, is one such example. Before the construction of the Metropolitan line, n the early 20th Century, the Hillingdon LU station area was open fields, with a local road between the villages of Ickenham and Hillingdon (Fig.1).
When the Metropolitan line was constructed in the early 20th century (1904) there was no urban development in the immediate environment of the railway, so a metro station was not provided, Fig.2. By 1923, urban expansion had seen the development of housing and the provision of a metro station to enable travel into central London (Fig.3). The environment to Hillingdon London Underground station was to remain this way until the 1990s, when the need for improved highway facilities was to change the area shown in Figs.1-3, forever.